Flamenco is a style of dance and music characteristic of Andalusia, Murcia and Extremadura (Spain). In November 2010, it was declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, thanks to the initiative of the Autonomous Communities of Andalusia, Extremadura and Murcia.

It is also an Intangible Ethnological Andalusian Cultural Heritage. And it is registered in the General Inventory of Movable Property of the Region of Murcia, established by the General Directorate of Fine Arts and Cultural Assets.

Although in its origin flamenco was only singing, with time it was introducing dance and music, mainly of the guitar. This combination is the result of the influences that flamenco has received from previous cultures.

In relation to flamenco singing and music, these have influences of:

Popular songs and traditional music of Andalusia.
The Gregorian chants of the Jewish synagogues.
Arabic sounds.
African rhythms.

If we stop at flamenco dancing, we can also find the cultural heritage of traditional dances from different corners of the Spanish geography, of African dances or the dances of India that the gypsies brought to Andalusia.